Scripture Summary

The king of Lachish was one of the five kings of the Canaanites who fought against Joshua at the city of Gibeon and who were killed at the cave of Makkedah (Joshua 10:23).
Joshua destroyed Lachish, slaughtering its inhabitants (Joshua 10:31-33).
The city as assigned to the tribal territory of Judah (Joshua 15:21,39).
Rehoboam fortified Lachish as part of a western defense wall to protect Judah from attack by the Philistines (2 Chronicles 11:5-12).
King Amaziah (798-769 BCE) unsuccessfully tried to escape from the conspirators who launched a palace revolt in Jerusalem by fleeing to Lachish (2 Kings 14:19).
The Assyrian king Sennacherib attacked Lachish and sent the three top officials of his court to negotiate with King Hezekiah for the surrender of Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:13-17).
Lachish was the last Judean city to fall to the armies of Nebuchadnezzar before they lay siege to Jerusalem ( Jer. 34:7).
Jews resettled Lachish during the Return (Neh. 11:30).